In Lean Management, there are 7 types of waste (non-value add) that are identified: Overproduction, overprocessing, excess inventory, transportation, defects/rework/scrap, excess motion, and waiting. However, if I have a global supply chain, I have to have transportation of goods between suppliers, processors, distributors, retailers, and customers. Which of the following best describes how to think about transportation in terms of Lean principles?
Transportation should be paid for by customers and suppliers, so it is not a “real” waste.
Transportation is just necessary and it doesn’t count as a “real” waste.
Transportation will eventually be eliminated by teleportation.
Transportation should be examined for the potential minimization. This could include optimizing delivery routes, optimizing shipments, or positioning inventory closer to the point of use.