This problem tests your ability to predict the cache behavior of C code. You are given the following code to analyze:
Assume we execute this under the following conditions:
Given these assumptions, estimate the miss rates for the following cases:
A. Case 1: Assume the cache is 512 bytes, direct-mapped, with 16-byte cache blocks. What is the miss rate?
B. Case 2: What is the miss rate if we double the cache size to 1,024 bytes?
C. Case 3: Now assume the cache is 512 bytes, two-way set associative using an LRU replacement policy, with 16-byte cache blocks. What is the cache miss rate?
D. For case 3, will a larger cache size help to reduce the miss rate? Why or why not? E. For case 3, will a larger block size help to reduce the miss rate? Why or why not?